Our Mission Statement

The Lesbian and Gay Veterinary Medical Association is the professional organization that fosters acceptance, inclusivity and leadership for veterinarians, veterinary technicians, veterinary medical students, of all sexual orientations and gender identities, and their allies, through community development, professional advocacy, and personal empowerment.


Officials

  • President - Sandy Hazanow, DVM, San Francisco, CA

  • Vice President / Webmaster - Tony Wynne, Washington, DC

  • Secretary - Linda Detwiler, DVM, Millstone Twp, NJ

  • Treasurer - Mike Chaddock, DVM, College Station, TX

  • Executive Secretary - Ken Gorczyca, DVM, San Francisco, CA

  • At-Large Board Members

    Please feel free to contact any of our officials directly, or if you have general questions, e-mail at: info@lgvma.org

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    Membership

    Membership in the LGVMA is open to anyone regardless of occupation, education, sex or sexual orientation. For the full voting rights and privileges assigned to various types of members, see our By-laws.

    LGVMA Annual Dues:

    • Veterinarian - $50
    • Intern/Resident & New Grad Vet (up to first 2 years) - $20
    • Veterinary student - $5
    • Technician (CVT, AHT, RVT, LVT, LAT) - $20
    • Technician student - $5
    • Veterinary assistant/staff - $20
    • Friend - $50
    • Spouse/Auxillary - $10
    • Retired Persons - $20
    • Organization Sponsor - $100

    LGVMA membership is for 1 year from the date of payment of dues.

    Apply Now!

    Benefits:

    Your membership dues support our many programs for GLBT veterinarians, technicians, veterinary practices and students. Among other things, membership entitles you to:

    • Access to the Members Only section of this website

    • Inclusion in our online Membership Directory, which is confidential and available ONLY to members in good standing

    • "LGVMA's Good News!" Newsletter

    • All new members joining in 2008 will receive a complimentary copy of the LGVMA-sponsored lecture at July 2007 AVMA Conference in Washington DC, Sexual Diversity in the Animal Kingdom by Dr. Joan Roughgarden

    • Placement of free ad in newsletter and/or website

    • Access to LGVMA's List-servs for communication between members
    Some of the LGVMA Programs supported by your Membership Dues and Donations include:

    • Annual Board and Membership Meetings
    • Annual Scholarships for veterinary students and veterinary technician students
    • Educational and Social meetings at national veterinary conferences
    • Members only website and list-serv
    • Support of GLBT issues related to veterinary medicine
    • Support of GLBT Student activities and student externships

    To request more information (including a complimentary copy of our latest newsletter) e-mail us at: info@lgvma.org

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    Our History

    In 1977, eight years after the Stonewall riots in Greenwich Village, several gay veterinarians met at a dinner party during the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) convention in Atlanta.  They pondered how many other veterinarians, like themselves, were out there? Drs. Jeffery Collins and Herman Westmoreland courageously placed an ad in The Advocate, the national gay magazine, announcing the first gathering of the Association for Gay Veterinarians (AG Vets) to be held in Las Vegas during the 1978 AVMA convention.

    In addition to several inquiries about the inaugural gathering of gay veterinarians, there was a discrete phone call from a board member of the AVMA. Who were the degenerates who placed this immoral ad in that magazine?!!  The meeting in Las Vegas was a success, despite the phone call, and AG Vets began hosting regular socials at the annual AVMA conventions.

    During the next decade, AG Vets became a regular, informal group of gay veterinarians in a historically heterosexual male-dominated, conservative profession. Growth came through mutual contacts, word-of-mouth and chance meetings at the AVMA Conventions. The founding members did not know lesbian veterinarians, as women were still a small minority in the profession. Thus, AG Vets remained exclusively male.

    In retrospect, women veterinarians including lesbians did find a home in the Women's Veterinary Medical Association founded in 1947 and recreated as the Association For Women Veterinarians Foundation (AWVF) in 2005. A major objective of the organization was to further the advancement of women veterinarians in the science of veterinary medicine by bringing women together to share knowledge, support and friendship. (In 1947, there were only 500 women veterinarians. Today women make up a majority of the veterinary medical profession and nearly 80% of veterinary medical students.)   

    Veterinary schools, mostly located at agricultural land grant colleges were conservative and typically unfriendly towards difference. It is not surprising, then, that the urban, Philadelphia-based University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine was the home for the first LGBT veterinary medical student network. Penn veterinary medical student Donald Stremme and faculty member Dr. Colin Johnstone were both early pioneers in veterinary academia and education. During the 1980s, flyers posted by Stremme announcing gay events for student networking were routinely torn down. However, just knowing that there were others like oneself was an important role for these early networks.

    Then in 1981, the AIDS pandemic was identified. Eventually, the pandemic would have a negative impact on the fledgling veterinary network and gay community. Many founding members would succumb to AIDS, while others went back into the closet due to professional fears and stigma. At a time when HIV was poorly understood and a source of discrimination, gay veterinarians, like gay men everywhere, were afraid of assumptions that they were HIV infected, and therefore, to be shunned. AG Vets met for the last time in 1988 at the AVMA Convention in Portland, Oregon before disbanding due to lack of interest and decreasing numbers. During the peak years, AG Vets boasted 35 members.  

    The same pandemic that forced the premature closure of AG Vets brought a new generation of lesbian and gay veterinarians together on the frontlines while advocating for their clients with AIDS. Organizations like Pets Are Wonderful Support (PAWS) in San Francisco and PETS DC in Washington DC, as well as other similar groups in other cities, had strong LGBT veterinary leadership. Many of these early veterinary community organizers met each other at DELTA Society conferences (renamed Pet Partners in 2012). The Delta Society, co-founded by veterinarian Dr. Leo Bustad in 1977, became one of the world’s oldest and largest human-animal interaction organizations, and hosted the first panel discussion on Pets and AIDS in Orlando in 1988. This pioneering One Health panel highlighted the importance of animal companionship for human health and discussed how to minimize the unknown risks of pet-associated zoonoses for immunosuppressed populations. LGBT veterinarians and their allies, again found that the AIDS pandemic provided a necessary theme and purpose to advocate around.  It would take nearly two decades before Tuft’s veterinary medical student Stephanie Wong, with the mentorship of LGVMA and PAWS, would inspire the Center for Disease Control to include a section on their public website about the health benefits of animal companionship and how to reduce pet-associated zoonoses for immunosuppressed people- CDC Healthy Pets. Early in the pandemic, the CDC routinely refer questions to PAWS in San Francisco.Golden Gate Bridge

    In 1991, two San Francisco-based veterinarians, Diana Phillips and Ken Gorczyca, realized that a critical network and new generation of both lesbian and gay veterinarians had re-formed during the first decade of the AIDS pandemic. They started organizing under the acronym I'M GLAD (International Membership of Gay and Lesbian Animal Doctors). Together, Diana and Ken put together an informational newsletter, Good News! and built an updated mailing list from the remaining AG Vet members and the new generation of LGBT veterinarians and veterinary medical students. They modeled their association after the San Francisco-based LGBT physician group- Bay Area Physicians for Human Rights (BAPHR) which eventually gave birth to the national Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (GLMA).  On World AIDS Day in 1991, the Journal of the AVMA (JAVMA) finally published a feature series on the AIDS pandemic and veterinary medicine - ten years after the identification of the AIDS pandemic. These articles summarized the advocacy work that the LGBT veterinary community had started five years prior, and the overall importance of veterinary medicine in the development of animal models, treatment regimes and pet-associated zoonoses risk control messages and preventative actions for people with AIDS/HIV.

    I'M GLAD received a shot-in-the-arm, when several Washington DC members organized a reception at the 1993 March on Washington for Gay Rights. For the first time, dozens of LGBT veterinarians met each other, and created friendships and professional networks. Several months later, I’M GLAD organized a successful meeting at the AVMA convention in Minneapolis, which became the first Annual Meeting of LGVMA. The name was changed from I’M GLAD to the Lesbian and Gay Veterinary Medical Association (LGVMA), with recognition that women would soon dominate the veterinary profession. Bylaws and a constitution were written, a board of directors formed and Washington DC-based Dr. Michael McElvaine was elected the founding President. He would serve as leader of the association for many years, and hold several terms as President between 1993 and 2007.

    During these early years, the LGVMA started sponsoring veterinary student scholarships, continued to advocate for their clients with AIDS, in addition to again hosting Annual Meetings at the AVMA convention. Membership rose to 250 in the late 1990s before starting to wane in the new century. Several veterinary medical colleges started their own student chapters, including Cornell, Davis and Penn. Dr. Albert Koltveit, the JAVMA editor during these years, showed courage and leadership by regularly publishing the LGVMA Annual Meeting Reports and group photos. JAVMA also published a series of angry letters from veterinarians unwilling to accept the presence of LGBT people or LGVMA in the profession.  During the 1990s, Australia also formed its own association called Gay and Lesbian Veterinary Association (GALVA) modeled after LGVMA.

    In 2007, thirty years after the founding of AG Vets, Dr. McElvaine was invited to speak at the AVMA Diversity Symposium as an openly gay man to introduce the LGBT community to the veterinary profession. At the same conference, LGVMA featured their first keynote lecture with Dr. Joan Roughgarden speaking on Sexual Diversity in the Animal Kingdom.  Since then, there has been much positive growth and movement within the veterinary medical profession and society around cultural competency, inclusion and acceptance of LGBT people.  LGBT and allied veterinary medical students have continued to lead student chapters and clubs at most veterinary school campuses. Straight allies, as in the national gay rights movement, have also played an important role in the evolution and support of LGVMA and student chapters.

    In 2009, LGVMA elected the first Canadian President, Dr. Wayne Hollingshead, started hosting info-booths at national veterinary conferences and was invited to participate in the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) (LGVMA NAVMEC Report.)  In 2010, the American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) featured their first keynote lecture on LGBT people in veterinary education with Shane Snowdon, founding director of the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine LGBT Center. One week later, at the U.C. Davis SAVMA Symposium, veterinary medical students in attendance at the AAVMC lecture, founded Broad Spectrum Veterinary Student Association (BSVSA).  BSVSA’s mission is to connect, support and empower community for LGBT students and allies across veterinary education.  This veterinary student-run network now hosts a blog and regular meetings at SAVMA Symposium. The 2011 AAVMC and AVMA veterinary student cultural competency survey of veterinary medical students revealed that 7% of veterinary students self-identified as LGBT - twice the national average of U.S. adults . The closet door was finally opened forever in the veterinary medical profession.

    LGVMA AnnivDuring 2013, LGVMA is celebrating the 20th Anniversary of its’ founding. LGVMA currently has nearly 200 members and BSVSA boasts another 100 student members.  Veterinary medical students now have chapters and clubs at most North American veterinary colleges, reflecting a new generation and support of LGBT people and allies. Also showing the importance of LGBT people in the veterinary profession, the AVMA President, Dr. Doug Aspros and  AAVMC President, Tuft’s Dean Dr. Deborah Kochevar, including other leaders, attended the 20th Annual LGVMA keynote lecture in Chicago.  Roosevelt University’s President Charles Middleton spoke about his personal story as the first ‘out’ university president and the importance of personal integrity and need for associations like LGVMA and BSVSA in the veterinary medical profession.

    As the veterinary profession now moves into alignment with society at-large, LGVMA, too, is evolving. Stay tuned for LGVMA 2.0 as we update our website, create new member value and continue to promote inclusion and community in the veterinary profession for each other, our clients and all animals.

    The Lesbian and Gay Veterinary Medical Association is the oldest professional organization that fosters acceptance, inclusivity and leadership for veterinarians, veterinary technicians, veterinary medical students, of all sexual orientations and gender identities, and their allies, through community development, professional advocacy, and personal empowerment.

    Our vision is a veterinary profession in which we all live to our full potential, both personally and professionally, conduct our lives openly and with integrity, and freely share our experience and wisdom for the betterment of and care for ourselves, our profession, our clients and all animals.

    We welcome membership, donations and support from all veterinarians, veterinary medical students, veterinary technicians, students and staff, as well as all supporters and friends, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. Together, we do make a difference.

    If you would like to be involved, we would love to have your input. Please contact us at:

    LGVMA
    584 Castro St. #492
    San Francisco, CA 94114-2500
    FAX: 503-213-8749
    E-mail: info@lgvma.org

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    Constitution and By-laws

    (Approved July 19, 2013)

    Constitution

    Article I: NAME, MISSION and VISION

    Section 1: The name of this organization shall be the Lesbian and Gay Veterinary Medical Association, hereafter referred to as LGVMA.

    Section 2: Mission Statement: The Lesbian and Gay Veterinary Medical Association is the professional organization that fosters acceptance, inclusivity and leadership for veterinarians, veterinary technicians, veterinary medical students, of all sexual orientations and gender identities, and their allies, through community development, professional advocacy, and personal empowerment.

    Section 3: Vision Statement: Our vision is a veterinary profession in which we all live to our full potential, both personally and professionally, conduct our lives openly and with integrity, and freely share our experience and wisdom for the betterment of and care for ourselves, our profession, our clients and all animals.

    Article II: MEMBERSHIP

    Section 1: The membership of LGVMA shall include veterinarians, veterinary technicians,
    veterinary students, veterinary technician students, professional staff, auxiliary, retirees and
    Friends of LGVMA, as determined by the board of directors.

    Section 2: Veterinary Membership is open to any person holding a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
    degree or comparable veterinary degree/diploma.

    Section 3: Veterinary Student Membership is open to any person engaged in the study of
    veterinary medicine.

    Section 4: Veterinary interns, residents and new graduates may be offered discounted
    membership fees at the discretion of the board.

    Section 5: Veterinary Technician Membership is open to any person holding an accredited
    veterinary technician degree or comparable degree/diploma.
    Section 6: Veterinary Technician Student Membership is open to any person studying in a
    veterinary technician school.

    Section 7: Professional staff membership is open to persons employed in the field of veterinary

    medicine, private practice, industry, government or academia.

    Section 8: Auxiliary Membership is open to spouses and partners of LGVMA members.

    Section 9: Friend of LGVMA Membership is open to any person, organization or business that
    does not qualify for any other membership category, but who are vitally interested in and concerned
    about the profession of veterinary medicine and the activities of LGVMA.

    Section 10: Retiree membership status shall be granted to members who have retired. Retired
    members shall be eligible to vote and hold office.

    Section 11: Membership in LGVMA shall be obtained by application and payment of dues. All
    members have a vote, with the exception of Professional Staff, Auxiliary and Friends of LGVMA.

    Individuals, however, while serving on the board of directors will have voting rights.

    Article III: OFFICERS, BOARD OF DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE BOARD

    Section 1: The Officers and Executive Board of LGVMA shall be President, Past President, Vice
    President, Secretary, Treasurer and Executive Director. The Executive Board is responsible for
    implementation of LGVMA policy. The election, appointment, duties and tenure of officers are
    described in the By-Laws.

    Section 2: All officers are members of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors is
    responsible for development of LGVMA policy.

    Section 3: The Executive Director is a non-voting member of the Board of Directors and
    Executive Board. The duties, appointment, employment and tenure of the Executive Director are
    described in the By-Laws.

    Section 4: There is at least one veterinary student director, who is an At-Large member of the
    Board of Directors. The duties and tenure of the Student Director are described in the By-laws.

    Section 5: There are maximum of five At-large Directors on the Board in addition to the executive
    board (Past-President, President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer) and Executive Director.
    The duties and tenure of At-Large Directors are described in the By-laws. The President
    can appoint board members, if there is a vacancy, with the approval of the Board of Directors.

    Section 6: It is the intention of the Board of Directors to represent the various communities within
    veterinary profession and our association.

    Section 7: The board shall consist of at least 5 of the 9 members, who are veterinarians and
    veterinary students.

    Article IV: MEETINGS

    Section 1: The annual meeting of the Board of Directors and an annual general meeting shall be
    held not less than every 12 months. Date and place to be determined by the board of directors
    with a minimum of 90 days notice given to the membership.

    Section 2: Networking, Social and Educational meetings can be hosted at veterinary, veterinary
    medical student or veterinary technician meetings, or other events or meetings, as determined by
    the Board of Directors.

    Section 3: Special meeting of Executive Board may be called by the President, Executive
    Director or any other two board members. Special meetings may be conducted in person, by
    conference call, or by electronic communication.

    Section 4: Tele-board meetings will be held regularly as determined by the Board of Directors.

    Section 5: Board Retreats Strategic Planning Meetings should be held every other year, unless
    otherwise determined by the Board of Directors. A plan of action and topics of discussion must be
    identified and agreed to by the majority of the board of directors 6 months prior to this retreat
    being held. A fundraising appeal is started, no less than 12 months prior to the next scheduled
    strategic planning meeting.

    Article V: AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION

    Section 1: Proposed amendments to this Constitution shall be submitted in writing to members in
    good standing for vote and shall be sent by either separate first class mail or electronically.
    Members in good standing shall have thirty (30) days from the mailing date (postmark) to return
    or respond electronically to the ballot. Amendments approved by two-thirds of the membership
    voting shall become effective immediately unless otherwise specified.

    Article VII: DISSOLUTION

    Section 1: In event of dissolution of the Association, the board of directors shall, after paying and
    making provisions for the payment of all liabilities, distribute all the assets of the corporation over
    to the LGVMA Fund and/or Broad Spectrum Veterinary Student Association, if they exists, or
    otherwise to American Veterinary Medical Association, Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
    and/or Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges for scholarships or grant-in-aid for
    LGBT veterinary medical, or veterinary technician students or student initiatives that promote the
    mission and vision of LGVMA.

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    By-Laws

    Article 1: ELECTION OF OFFICERS

    Section 1: A nomination committee composed of at least (2) board members shall be appointed
    each election year by the President. The President shall designate a Nomination Committee
    Chair from among the members.

    Section 2: The slate of candidates shall be presented to members in good standing not later than
    30 days prior to annual meeting.

    Section 3: Ballots shall be sent to members in good standing either by separate first class mail or
    electronically. Members in good standing shall have thirty (30) days from the mailing (postmark)
    to return the ballot or respond electronically.

    Section 4: No member shall be nominated to national office unless that member has been a
    member in good standing for at least one year preceding the nomination, unless agreed to at the
    discretion of the board of directors. Nominations for student director are exempt from this
    requirement.

    Section 5: New officers shall be installed as officers at the conclusion of LGVMA’s annual
    meeting immediately following the election.

    Section 6: Board Members shall be elected for two-year terms up to six years maximum before a
    mandatory one-year sabbatical. After a 2-year appointment, a board member may request to
    remain on the board for a one or two-year term. After a one-year sabbatical from the board,
    individuals can return to the board for another six years. Student board member term is one-years,
    with an option for additional one-year term at the discretion of the Board. Veterinary student
    members can run for At-large positions. Executive Director is exempt from the term limits.

    Section 7: At the discretion of the Board of Directors, an Executive Director may be
    appointed or employed. The term of appointment or employment is for a one-year term which can
    be renewal annually by the by the board. Additional contract workers or staff may be hired as
    deemed necessary by the Board of Directors.

    Article 2: DUTIES OF BOARD MEMBERS

    Section 1: Board Members and Executive Director are encouraged to attend the Annual
    Meetings of the Board of Directors and the Membership, and all board meetings, either in person
    or by teleconference. All terms of the executive board are one-year, with exception of the
    President, which is a two-year term. All executive board members can serve for additional terms.

    Section 2: Duties of Board Members - Job Description:
    LGVMA Board members are critical players in LGVMA’s short-term and long-term success in
    reaching our mission and maintaining our viability. Board members are key stakeholders who
    play a very important role in both governing LGVMA and actively raising awareness and funding
    for the agency. Board members are the single largest and most solid financial supporters of
    LGVMA both through individual giving and bringing financial supporters to LGVMA. LGVMA is
    dependent on Board member leadership and participation in order to continue our mission.
    Board members are expected to:

    1. Understand and support LGVMA’s mission;
    2. Attend Board meetings (5-7 per year) and committee meetings as necessary;
    3. Agree to make LGVMA a philanthropic priority during Board membership;
    4. Assist in the governance of LGVMA;
    5. Review the financial reports of LGVMA and assume the fiduciary responsibility of a Board
      member;
    6. Participate on a committee or Task Force(s).
    7. Assist in the development and fundraising activities of the Board. These include providing
      assistance in planning the development program; educating our community and contacts about
      LGVMA; identifying potential donors; rating and evaluating potential donors; cultivating major
      donor prospects; opening doors for LGVMA for public relations and fundraising efforts; and, in
      some cases soliciting donors;
    8. Be a team player within the Board of Directors;
    9. Work with the Executive Director as needed;
    10. Assist in the evaluation of the Executive Director;
    11. Monitor and evaluate the success of LGVMA’s development program;
    12. Evaluate the success of the Board of Directors and participate in improving performance; Play a
      role in the strategic planning of LGVMA and assist in guiding LGVMA in setting its future
      direction;
    13. Attend Board Strategic Planning Meeting to help guide LGVMA. Board members have diverse
      skills and expertise, but all share legal, fiduciary, oversight, and fundraising responsibility. Board
      leadership and the Executive Director will meet periodically with members to assess roles and
      responsibilities and personal commitment.
    Section 3: Duties of the President:
    1. Be the highest executive office of LGVMA having general oversight of business, and
      performing such other duties as pertaining to this office;
    2. Is a two-year term with an option for additional one or two-year terms.
    3. Appoint the Newsletter Editor in cooperation with the Executive Director subject to ratification by the Board of Directors;
    4. Appoint Chairs for the organization’s committees and Task Forces in cooperation with the Executive Director subject to ratification of the Board of Directors;
    5. Preside at the Annual board of Directors and Membership Meetings, as well as Executive board meetings that may be called between Annual Meetings. The President shall keep the Board of Directors informed, as for as expedient, or administrative matters, as they arise;
    6. Authorize withdrawal of funds from the Treasurer for payment of obligations incurred by the Board of Directors of the paid membership at the Annual Meeting;
    7. Appoint a member to fill the unexpired term of any Board Member or Executive Director who is
      unable to continue or resigns from office subject to ratification of the Board of Directors;
    8. Serve as liaison to AVMA/Canadian VMA and other professional organizations;
    9. Appoint Executive Director, subject to ratification by the Board of Directors. The President shall appoint a committee
      to search for an Executive Director or Association Management Company;
    10. Work with Executive Director, and Executive Board, to guide association agenda;
    11. Act with Executive Director as the public relations contact person(s).

    Section 4: Duties of the Vice President:
    1. Assist the President in any and all duties requested;
    2. Preside at the Annual Board Meetings or any interim Executive Meetings in absence of the President.
    3. Participate in standing and ad-hoc committee and Task Force assignments.

    Section 5: Duties of the Directors At-Large:
    1. Assist the President in any and all duties requested;
    2. Participate in standing and ad-hoc committee and Task Force assignments.
    Section 6: Duties of the Secretary:
    1. Oversee maintenance of electronic registry of members, minutes of the Executive Board, Board of Directors and membership meetings and other nonfinancial records of LGVMA, and perform other duties as usually pertain to this office;
    2. Have charge with Executive Director and President of the official board correspondence of LGVMA;
    3. Provide all incoming officers with a copy of the Constitution and By-Laws and a Board Handbook prior to the
      Annual Meeting at which they assume office.
    Section 7: Duties of the Treasurer:
    1. Be custodian of all funds belonging to the Association and submit a financial statement at each Annual Meeting and as needed or requested;
    2. Oversee distribution of dues notices by first class mail or electronically to all members annually;
    3. The Treasure’s Books shall be audited by a professional accountant, as needed or required;
    4. Pay all bills and expenses as authorized by the Annual Budget;
    5. Oversee the development of the Annual Budget with the Executive Director 60 days in advance of the Annual Meeting. If annual budget is not approved, than the prior years budget is maintained, unless membership is able to
      vote on alternatives. Must alert President for any expenses above $500.
    6. Section 8: Duties of Newsletter Editor. a) Produce a newsletter as determined by the Board of
      Directors; b) Oversee distribution of newsletter. The newsletter can be mailed by first class mail
      or electronically.
    Section 9: Duties of the Veterinary Student Representative:
    1. be the LGVMA Board veterinary
      student At-large member.
    2. be board contact for veterinary medical students and LGVMA student chapters, Broad Spectrum Veterinary Student Association and VOICE chairs, and Deans and Deans of Student Services.
    Section 10: Duties of the Executive Director.
    1. This position will be a consultant position and may be filled with an individual or an Association
      Management Company. The position will be a paid contractual or volunteer opportunity where the
      contract will be for one year, renewable by the Board on an annual basis.
    2. The Executive Director is a non-voting member of the Board of Directors.
    3. Duties are determined by the Executive Board, and include, but not limited to, operations, finances, fundraising, and board, membership and the “LGVMA Fund” and resource management.
    4. The Board is the manager for the Executive Director.
    5. Oversee the on-line electronic confidential membership directory;
    6. Oversee on-line calendar, message boards and list serves. Members can forward items to be
      placed on calendar.
    7. Assist with finding submissions for the newsletter, newsletter production and distribution.
    8. Help maintain the website(s) i) Assist with association, board and membership communication.
    9. Other duties as determined by the board of directors.

      Article 3: CHAIRS OF SUCCESSION

      Section 1: If the President resigns or is unable to serve, the order of succession shall be: 1) Vice
      President, 2) Secretary, 3) Treasurer, 4) Past-President, and 5) Directors At-Large in their order
      of seniority of term of office and second, if necessary, by order of seniority in LGVMA
      membership.

      Section 2: If the Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, or Directors-At-Large resigns or is unable
      to serve, the President shall appoint an individual to assume the position of the individual who
      resigned or was unable to serve, with approval of the board.

      Article 4: NEWSLETTER

      Section 1: The LGVMA shall try to publish a quarterly newsletter.

      Section 2: A copy of LGVMA’s Good News! is sent to all members in good standing ,the LGVMA public relations list and Friends of LGVMA.

      Section 3: The yearly subscription rate and advertising rates for LGVMA’s Good News shall be determined by the Newsletter Editor and the Executive Secretary and then approved by the Board of Directors.

      Article 5: FINANCE

      Section 1: The annual dues paid by all categories of members shall be determined by the Board of Directors and reviewed annually.

      Section 2: The fiscal year shall begin January 1 and end December 31.

      Section 3: A member whose dues are not postmarked or electronically sent one month after date of expiration of membership shall be considered not in good standing and, therefore, forfeit the right to vote and will be removed from the on-line directory and moved to inactive membership status.

      Section 4: Annual Budget is developed by the Treasurer, President and Executive Secretary and submitted to board for approval, and then submitted to membership for approval.

      Section 5: Annual Fundraising appeal is developed by the Executive Secretary and or President with guidance of Board, and is sent to membership to help fund student scholarship fund and other special projects.

      Article 6: COMMITTEES

      Section 1: Standing Committees shall be Award Committee, Student Scholarship Committee, Nomination Committee, Executive Committee, and Program Committee; appointments for Standing Committee Chairs are made by the President and are usually two one years in length. Committee Chairs may select committee members for the President’s approval.

      Section 2: The President may appoint ad hoc committees, as the need arises. The length of appointment for ad hoc committees can vary depending on the committee assignment.

      Article 7: AMENDMENTS

      Section 1: Proposed amendments to these By-Laws shall be first submitted in writing to the Board of Directors. If approved by two-thirds of the Board of Directors, proposed amendments shall be submitted to members in good standing for vote.

      Section 2: Ballots on proposed amendments to these By-Laws shall be submitted in writing to members in good standing for a separate vote, and shall be sent by first class mail or electronically. Members in good standing shall have thirty (30) days from the mailing date (postmark or electronic date) to return the ballot by first class mail or electronically. Amendment approved by two thirds of the membership voting shall become effective immediately unless otherwise specified.

      Article 8: DISSOLUTION

      Section 1: Impeachment proceedings may be brought against any Board Member for failing to
      execute the duties of their office, misappropriation of LGVMA assets, resources or properties, or
      professional misconduct as defined by the American Veterinary Medical Association or the
      Canadian Veterinary Medical Association.

      Section 2: Impeachment proceedings may be brought against any Board Member by the
      Executive Committee for failing to attend two or more board meetings without an approved
      excuse or prior approval.

      Section 3: Impeachment proceedings can be initiated upon a written petition by ten (1) members
      in good standing to Board of Directors: the Board of Directors shall act on impeachment petition
      within sixty (60) days. If the Board of Directors finds the petition has merit and established cause
      for impeachment, then ballot for impeachment shall be submitted to members in good standing by
      separate first class mail ballot. Impeachment requires approval by two-thirds of the membership
      voting and shall be come effective thirty (30) days after receipt of the ballots.

      Article 9: ARCHIVES DEPOSITORY

      Section 1: The archives depository for the LGVMA shall be the electronic organizational library or
      as otherwise determined by the board of directors.

      Article 10: CONDUCT OF BUSINESS

      Section 1: Robert’s Rules of Order, Revised shall be Parliamentary manual.

      Section 2: All board ELECTRONIC votes and motions must be approved as governed by local
      law.* Votes at meetings need a majority to be approved. (*LGVMA is currently incorporated in
      Washington DC, with a requirement that all board decisions made outside regular board meetings
      (with proper notice, quorum assembled, minutes recorded, all viewpoints voiced, etc.) can be
      made by written or electronic resolution in lieu of a meeting, but requires unanimous consent of
      all board members for passage.)


      Section 3: Definition of Quorum: Fifty Percent, but no less than 5 board members fixed by the
      bylaws and constitution, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The act of the
      majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the
      board of directors, unless the act of a greater number is required by law or by the LGVMA
      Constitution or Bylaws. The Executive Director is a non-voting member of the Board of Directors
      and counts for the Quorum.

      Section 4: Organizational and Board communication is archived by an Internet list-serve.

      Article 11: ANNUAL AWARDS

      Section 1: Achievement Awards for individuals and organizations will be given out that the Annual Meeting if outstanding individuals are evident each year. Nominees should evidence commitment to improving the quality of veterinary services to animals belonging to the LGBT community ; for bettering the professional environment for animal health professionals; for enhancing the academic learning environment for LGBT veterinary and/or veterinary technician students; and/or for contributing to the advancement of equality of the LGBT community or of the mission of LGVMA. Awards are given without regard to recipients’ sexual orientation.

      Section 2: Scholarships for veterinary and veterinary technician students will be given out at the Annual Meeting or annually as determined by the Board of Directors. Nominees should evidence commitment to improving the quality of the veterinary profession in relation to the mission of LGVMA; for enhancing the academic learning environment for LGBT veterinary and veterinary technician students; for contributing to the advancement of equality of the LGBT community in society; and/or other outstanding community/or academic service. Scholarships are given without regard to recipients’ sexual orientation. The amount of each scholarship and number given out each year are determined by the Board of Directors.

      Section 3: The LGVMA Leadership Award is given to individuals or organizations that outstanding leadership and/or community activism within the veterinary community. The number awarded each year is determined by the Board of Directors, and are given out at the annual meeting or as determined by the Board of Directors.

    ARTICLE 12: LGVMA Tax-Deductible Fund.

    LGVMA Board of Directors is empowered to create a tax-deductible ‘LGVMA Fund’ to support
    student scholarship, member leadership, education and other projects that support veterinary
    medicine, inclusion, community and the mission and vision of LGVMA. LGVMA is authorized to
    utilize a fiscal sponsor 501 (c)(3) umbrella organization or create a separate non-profit 501 (c)(3),
    or similar entity as determined appropriate by the board of directors and the financial health of
    LGVMA.